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Provincial Institute of Educational Research and experimentation
Ignora collegamentihome page > Activities > Study and research > Education research and teaching > The Inclusion and Learning Opportunity Project (ILOP)    
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    Maurizio Gentile
Chief scientific officer
tel. 0461 494388
Francesco Pisanu
Research fellow
tel. 0461 494367
Francesco Bailo
Web contents
tel. 0461 494389

The Inclusion and Learning Opportunity Project (ILOP)
In most Western countries, inclusive education is recognised by many practitioners and academics as an imperative of education systems and policies. Nonetheless, the meaning of inclusive education varies across the countries. These differences are derived from the complex interplay of historical, cultural, political and economic factors. Based on the concept discussed by Simona D’Alessio (European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education), we propose to explain inclusive education as a process of transformation of education systems and cultures which allows all students to participate fully and equitably in the process of learning in regular schools.
In 1977, Italy passed an anti-discriminatory legislation (Legge 517 del 1977) known as integrazione scolastica. As a consequence of this policy, all students are admitted into regular schools for all academic levels (primary, middle and secondary) regardless of the socioeconomic background, physical and intellectual impairments, or of any other selective criterion designed to segregate and exclude.
The Autonomous Province of Trento takes into account the national legislation 517 and approves Law n. 5 of 2006 where a wider and more comprehensive definition of subjects with special educational needs is provided, which includes those pupils with disabilities, disorders and learning difficulties and disadvantages determined by social and environmental factors.
Italian research in the field of school integration focused primarily on six fields:
a) legal application of policy at a school level (allocation of funding and provision of special support);
b) development of indicators for the evaluation of the quality of technical and administrative arrangements (e.g. portion of support teachers for disable students);
c) processes of assessment based on categorisation as a basis for the allocation of resources to student with special needs;
d) development of special pedagogy in order to differentiate the teaching and individualisation of learning;
e) a project proposed by Italian Ministry of Education called I CARE on inclusive schools;
f) surveys to evaluate the long-term consequences of integrazione scolastica.
Since the passing of the anti-discriminatory legislation and during the following three decades (from 1977 to 2007), the best practices of integrazione scolastica have been aimed at designing teaching methods and a learning milieu in order to respond to all students’ needs. The Inclusion and Learning Opportunity Project (ILOP) reflects one of the possible educational and research approaches whose focus is to design and manage a learning environment intentionally oriented to inclusion and learning opportunity. The approach is based on several components:
1. cooperative learning as primary strategy to organize cognitive tasks and social relationship among pupils,
2. teach- ware based on verbal problem-solving,
3. interactive white board,
4. teacher’s skills of classroom management,
5. scaffolding,
6. direct teaching of learning strategies,
7. visual images as primary stimulus for conceptualisation and access to knowledge.
Presentation of research project
Classroom ICT and Cooperative Learning
Biology Instruction via Multimedia Presentations
Interactive whiteboard and mathematics
Interactive whiteboard: a tool for teaching
Interactive whiteboard and Cooperative Learning
Student Engagement and Interactive whiteboard
The Effects of the Use of Interactive Whiteboards on Student Achievement
A case study by Smart Technologies


IPRASE IPRASE TRENTINO Provincial Institute for Educational Research and Experimentation,
Education Building - first floor, via Gilli, 3 (località Centochiavi) 38100 Trento Tel. 0461 494360 Fax 0461 494399